Earth to Pluto distance
|Average Distance||6.09 billion||3.78 billion||40.7||5.64|
|4.88 billion||3.03 billion||32.65||4.52|
|Maximum Distance||7.5 billion||4.68 billion||50.32||6.98|
|Minimum Distance||4.29 billion||2.66 billion||28.64||3.97|
Distance from Earth to Pluto/planets
|Average Distance from Earth to||kilometers and miles|
|Moon||384403 km (239,200 mi)|
|Sun||149.6 million km (93 million mi)|
|Mercury||155 million km (96 million mi)|
|Venus||170 million km (106 million mi)|
|Mars||254 million km (158 million mi)|
|Jupiter||787 million km (489 million mi)|
|Saturn||1.43 billion km (890 million mi)|
|Uranus||2.88 billion km (1.79 billion mi)|
|Nuptune||4.5 billion km (2.79 billion mi)|
|Pluto||6.09 billion km (3.78 billion mi)|
Pluto is unimaginably far away. To get an idea of just how far, let one sheet of a roll of toilet paper represent 10,000,000 miles. The distance from Earth to the Sun is 9.3 sheets. Jupiter would be 48.4 sheets from the Sun and Saturn 88.7 sheets. Pluto (on average) would be 366.4 sheets! It takes 248 Earth years for Pluto to make just one trip around the Sun.
From Pluto, the Sun looks like nothing other than a bright star. The distance from Earth to the Sun, about 93 million miles, is defined as one astronomical unit, or AU. Although Pluto’s average distance from the Sun is 39.5 AU, at its closest point to the Sun it is 29.6 AU, and at its farthest point it is 49.6 AU from the Sun. For part of its 248-Earth-year year, Pluto is closer to the Sun than Neptune, orbiting just inside the distance of Neptune’s orbit from the Sun. This is one lop-sided orbit!
Not only is Pluto’s orbit highly elongated, it is tilted 17° from the plane of the ecliptic. What could have caused it to orbit so far above and below the swirling disk of dust from which the planets were formed? Because of its distance from the Sun, it’s cold on Pluto! The average temperature on its surface is 233° below zero Celsius, or 387° below zero Fahrenheit.
Pluto has an atmosphere, but only during the parts of its orbit when it is closest to the Sun. When Pluto gets farther from the Sun, the atmosphere freezes and falls to the surface like frost or snow, leaving no atmosphere at all. Right now, Pluto has an atmosphere. But what is it made of? What is its surface pressure? How fast does it escape into space? If we wait much longer to send a spacecraft, there may be no atmosphere left to study for a couple hundred years.
Pluto's diameter is only about half the width of the United States. Charon’s is about half of Pluto’s. Charon is the largest moon compared to its companion object of any moon in the solar system